India is participating in the summit as a full member of the SCO for the first time.
Scheduled for Saturday and Sunday, it is the first SCO summit since its expansion in June 2017 at the Astana summit in Kazakhstan, when India and Pakistan were accepted as full members.
Leaders of eight SCO member states and four observer states, as well as chiefs of various international organizations will attend the summit to exchange views on cooperation.
The SCO now accounts for over 60 percent of the Eurasian landmass, nearly half of the world’s population and over 20 percent of global GDP.
Created in 2001, the SCO has not only focused on regional peace, security and stability, but also devoted itself to regional development by facilitating trade and investment, enhancing industrial cooperation, and promoting people-to-people exchanges.
The SCO’s full members are China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, India and Pakistan. Its observer states are Afghanistan, Belarus, Iran, and Mongolia.